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Hemp Could Free Us From Oil, Prevent Deforestation, Cure Cancer & It’s Environmentally Friendly – So Why Is It Illegal?

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Hemp Could Free Us From Oil, Prevent Deforestation, Cure Cancer & It’s Environmentally Friendly – So Why Is It Illegal?
Photo Credit: www.clarencebaber.com

Marco Torres, Prevent Disease

Hemp is a tall, beautiful and gracious looking annual plant that can reach heights over twelve feet. Although hemp (cannabis sativa) and marijuana (cannabis sativa var. indica) come from a similar species of plant, they are very different and confusion has been caused by deliberate misinformation with far reaching effects on socioeconomics as well as on environmental matters. The reason hemp is illegal is not because of any negative impact to the environment or human health, but exactly the opposite. It is so environmentally friendly, nutritionally and medicinally beneficial, that it provides too many abundant resources which would make it impossible for powerful corporations to compete.

Historical Use 

Hemp is the most universally useful plant we have at our disposal. The history of mankind’s use of hemp can be traced way back in time to between about 5000 – 7000 BC. Remains of seed husks have been found at Neolithic burial sites in central Europe, which indicate that they were used in funeral rites and shamanic ceremonies. It is probable that at that time the distinctions between various strains were not as pronounced as they are today.

Up until and even during WWII, hemp was a widely grown crop, which provided the world with an excellent and most durable source of fibre. Since it is an annual with a growing cycle of only 120 days it can be harvested several times a year, depending on local weather conditions. Its biomass is considerable, which means that it absorbs large quantities of the greenhouse gas CO2. It is resistant to bugs and requires little agrochemical treatment. It is extremely undemanding and can be grown in very poor conditions and depleted soils and will actually improve the soil structure over a period of years. For many centuries hemp was one of the most important industrial crops which provided the fibres for rope and tough, durable canvass without which the age of exploration could never have set sail.

In the US too, there have long been numerous rules and regulation in place regarding the cultivation of hemp. But unlike today’s regulations that strongly prohibit any cultivation of hemp, less than a century ago hemp cultivation was not just encouraged, but mandatory, with hefty fines being levied against farmers who refused. ‘Hemp for Victory’ was the government coined slogan that fuelled the last big bout of legal hemp cultivation during WWII, promoting hemp cultivation as a patriotic cause.

Deliberate Misinformation About THC 

Hemp is a variety of cannabis sativa that has a long history of use in the United States. However, since the 1950s it has been lumped into the same category of marijuana, and thus the extremely versatile crop was doomed in the United States. Hemp is technically from the same species of plant that psychoactive marijuana comes from. However, it is from a different variety, or subspecies that contains many important differences.

Industrial hemp has very low Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) levels, which is the principal psychoactive constituent. Compared to marijuana which is specifically cultivated for personal psychoactive use, it is nearly impossible to “get high” on hemp. Marijuana that can be smoked usually contains between 5-10%t THC, industrial hemp contains about one-tenth of that. In order to get a psychoactive effect, one would need to smoke more than a dozen hemp cigarettes over a very short period of time to achieve any kind of psychoactive effect. The reason for the low THC content in hemp is that most THC is formed in resin glands on the buds and flowers of the female cannabis plant. Industrial hemp is not cultivated to produce buds, and therefore lacks the primary component that forms the marijuana high. Furthermore, industrial hemp has higher concentrations of a chemical called Cannabidiol (CBD) that has a negative effect on THC and lessens its psychoactive effects when smoked in conjunction.

Industrial hemp also grows differently than THC-containing cannabis. Hemp is typically grown up, not out, because the focus is not on producing buds but on producing length of stalk. In this way, hemp is a very similar crop to bamboo. The stalk contains the fibre and hard, woody core material that can be used for a variety of purposes, even carpentry.

The two also differ in the areas that they can be effectively grown. THC-producing Marijuana must be grown in generally warm and humid environments in order to produce the desired quantity and quality of THC-containing buds. However, since industrial hemp does not contain these buds, and the hardy parts of the plant are the more desired, it can be grown in a wider range of areas. Generally, industrial hemp grows best on fields that provide high yields for corn crops, which includes most of the Southwest, Southeast, and Northeast United States. Furthermore, since industrial hemp can use male plants as well as female plants (since the object is not THC production), higher crop yields can result.

While there is virtually no THC in the varieties grown for industrial uses such as oil and fibre, governments have cooperated with powerful corporate lobbyists the ensure that hemp is lumped into the same category as marijuana. The primary reason is that hemp has too many abundant resources for fuel, housing, food, medicine that corporations cannot exploit. Think about how many polluting conglomerates would go down if hemp was permitted as a resource. The oil, pharmaceutical, supplement and constructions industry would need to radically shift their business model to survive.

Abundant Resources 

Hemp provides the fibre to make a durable paper – a far more sensible solution than the wasteful method of clear cutting old growth forests, or even the cultivation pine plantations that are ecologically speaking dead zones that take 20 years to mature before they can be harvested. Cannabis produces 4 times more fibre per acre and can be harvested several times per year. The first dollar bills were printed on hemp paper, your old family bible is probably printed on hemp paper and even the constitution itself was drafted on hemp paper.

Hemp has the strongest natural fibres, which can be used not just to produce rough cloth, such as sails or canvass, but also durable work clothes, like the original jeans. When the plants are grown closer together the fibre becomes shorter and finer, which allows for finer textiles. Today, there are some fashion designers that are experimenting with a wide range of textiles made from hemp for their stylish, trendy hemp lines, shirts, suits, bags, jeans and more. And, no- you can’t smoke them to get high!

Hemp fibres are also finding application as a modern building material, an application that has been spearheaded and exploited successfully in France. Hemp fibres can be blended with water and limestone to create an extremely tough, light-weight, natural cement that has not only excellent insulating properties, but also shows more flexibility than conventional concrete, which makes it particularly useful as a building material in earthquake prone areas.

Back in 1941, Henry Ford built a car that was not only entirely built from ‘hemp plastic’, but also ran on hemp fuel. Hemp oil, pressed from the seeds is also extremely versatile. It can be polymerized to create a solid plastic-like material, which is extremely durable, yet nevertheless is completely natural and biodegradable, which could replace plastics in numerous industrial processes.

Car manufacturers are again turning to hemp as a resource to provide light-weight, yet shock absorbent and environmentally friendly material for their cars. Due to the high biomass hemp would also make an ideal source of ethanol, the best bio-fuel alternative to gasoline, which is capable of fuelling engines without producing all those evil gases that are destroying our atmosphere and poisoning the air. At long last, some of the top car manufacturers are beginning to follow in Ford’s steps.

Some Facts on Hemp 
  • Farming 6% of the continental U.S. acreage with biomass crops would provide all of America’s energy needs.
  • Hemp is Earth’s number-one biomass resource; it is capable of producing 10 tons per acre in four months.
  • Biomass can be converted to methane, methanol, or gasoline at a cost comparable to petroleum, and hemp is much better for the environment. Pyrolysis (charcoalizing), or biochemical composting are two methods of turning hemp into fuel.
  • Hemp can produce 10 times more methanol than corn.
  • Hemp fuel burns clean. Petroleum causes acid rain due to sulphur pollution.
  • The use of hemp fuel does not contribute to global warming.

Hemp oil is of a very high quality and industry is using it in paints, inks and varnishes. In recent years the food industry is also discovering its virtues. Hempseed oil is one of the richest sources of essential amino acids and essential fatty acids, providing an excellent balance between omega-3, -6 and -9 fatty acids. All of these substances are currently being discussed, not only in the alternative health scene, but also by the food industry, which is searching for suitable ingredients to create so called ‘functional foods’. Essential fatty acids are extremely important to the proper functioning of cells. They play a role in reducing bad cholesterol and plaque, which is responsible for arteriosclerosis. Health food companies are beginning to experiment with hemp as a basis for a large range of products- from hemp seed bars, to gummi bears, to beer, to hemp cheese and many more.

Studies have been released that show people suffering from cancer have low levels of melatonin in their bodies. Also studies have shown that just smoking hemp can raise the melatonin levels in our bodies. So one can only imagine what hemp oil that is in a concentrated state can do to increase melatonin levels. Hemp oil promotes full body healing and raises melatonin levels thousands of times higher than normal. When the pineal gland produces vast amounts of melatonin, it causes no harm to the body but it is very hard on the condition you are suffering from and indeed can eliminate it. For almost a decade, Rick Simpson has been showing people how to cure cancer with hemp oil.

Both the commercial legal type of hemp oil and the illegal THC laden hemp oil are one of the most power-packed protein sources available in the plant kingdom. Its oil can be used in many nutritional and transdermal applications. In other chapters in my Winning the War on Cancer book we will discuss in-depth about GLA and cancer and also the interesting work of Dr. Johanna Budwig. She uses flax seed oil instead of hemp oil to cure cancer — through effecting changes in cell walls — using these omega3 and omega6 laden medicinal oils.

Hemp Oil Uses 

Every application that uses petroleum for its skin and hair products can use hemp oil as it is more beneficial and herbal. It can be used in many health issues as either a pain reducer or even as the cure for it.

  • Since hemp oil is natural, it is used as a moisturizing oil which can be applied after a shower or a bath. When you massage your body with it, it nourishes the skin and increases the blood circulation. More on facial skin care. 
  • Hemp oil is used in cooking as well, though it is not suitable for high heat cooking. Along with giving a slightly nutty and crispy taste to food, it can be the perfect salad oil just in case you’re out of olive oil.
  • Another application of hemp oil is its use as biodiesel in the same manner like other vegetable oils. It is a safe replacement for petroleum as it is non-toxic and doesn’t harm the environment.
  • Almost all the forms of plastics can be made by using hemp oil instead of using petroleum as a base. As those made from petroleum, release harmful chemicals while decomposition, but those from hemp oil, don’t.
  • Hemp oil can also be used in the production of paints as it doesn’t cause any armful releases when washed down from the drain and has very low emissions than the petroleum paints which are currently being used.
  • Hemp oil prevents skin disorders like psoriasis, eczema, acne and dry skin. It is highly nutritious for the skin and makes a wonderful addition to homemade moisturizing blends and rejuvenating creams. (Read Andrew Weil’s article on hemp oil http://www.ratical.org/renewables/TherapHoil.html)

The list of beneficial uses of hemp goes on and on.

So why is non-psychoactive Hemp illegal?

There is an old saying: if you want to get to the root of a problem, follow the money. This holds true for hemp. In this case we have to ask the question ‘who benefits from hemp being illegal?’ The logical answer is: the oil companies- and their shareholders, of course. Hemp became illegalized at the time when oil was beginning to make an impact on the economy as a base material for many things that hemp could also be used for, including textiles and fibres (plastics), cosmetics and fuel. Obviously, a resource is more profitable if access to it is restricted and not every farmer can grow it himself. In an exceedingly clever PR move psychoactive marijuana and hemp have been ‘thrown in the same pot’ as it were, and a massive campaign has been launched to convince people of the dangers of marijuana alias hemp – a highly questionable assertion.

Although technically hemp is not illegal to grow in some states, it requires obtaining a special permit from the drug enforcement agency (DEA) to restrict mass production. These permits are rarely given out and require that the crop be surrounded by security measures such as fences, razor wire, security guards, or dogs. For a crop that has little-to-no potential to get people high, the current attitude is both irresponsible and draconian.

Hemp is the most useful plant ally we have – a sustainable resource par excellence, as some might like to call it. Instead of cursing it we should be grateful to its deva and use all its ample gifts to turn the ecological demise of our planet around.

It is not hard to see how immensely valuable hemp is and how it has the potential of solving many of our environmental problems, not to mention our health problems. Yet, we are continuously deprived of its benefits because farmers are prohibited from cultivating this crop. Obviously importing it or products made from it is very expensive and the high expense is a prohibitive factor to choosing hemp as an environmentally friendly alternative even where it is available. It makes no sense to import a crop like hemp, when it can be, should be and used to be grown in all temperate and hot regions of the world.

Industrial hemp could transform the economy of the world States in a positive and beneficial way, and therefore should be exploited to its full potential.

About the Author

Marco Torres is a research specialist, writer and consumer advocate for healthy lifestyles. He holds degrees in Public Health and Environmental Science and is a professional speaker on topics such as disease prevention, environmental toxins and health policy. 

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Environment

It’s Official: The Bee Has Been Declared “Most Important Living Being On The Planet”

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It’s Official: The Bee Has Been Declared “Most Important Living Being On The Planet”
Photo Credit: www.except.nl

The extinction of bees would mean the end of humanity.

At a meeting of the Royal Geographic Society of London, Earthwatch Institute declared bees the most invaluable species on this planet, as reported by The Guardian in 2008. And along with it comes this disturbing piece of news. If the bees were to disappear today, mankind would follow suit very soon!

Scientists and wildlife experts have added bees to the list of species that are doomed to extinction in the near future if humanity does not do something about its most beneficial insects.

The Importance Of Bees

The loss of bees will be disastrous for mankind as they are irreplaceable. The relation between bees and flowering plants is one of the most extensive, harmonious, and interdependent cooperation on the planet. A relationship spawned over a period of nearly 100 million years has led to the procreation of a rich diversity of species and also promoted the elevation of the human species on earth.

There are more than 20,000 species of bees. Yet, an overwhelming number of them do not live in hives. They vary in size from 2mm to 4cm and do not adapt well to new plant types.

75% of the food crops that produce the seeds and fruits we consume are influenced, at least partly, by pollination. 87% of the leading food crops worldwide are supported wholly or partially by pollination. This, in turn, feeds thousands of animal and bird species. They are the main reason for the diversity of plant species. The decline in the bee population would adversely affect major crops like coffee, cocoa, almonds, tomatoes, and apples to name just a few, as per the reports of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

The oldest known sweetener and also the healthiest, honey has been much sought after since ancient times. The total export of just leading honey-producing nations was worth $2.4 billion way back in 2009. This is another vast source of food that would just disappear with the bees.

The monetized value of the global crops that are directly dependent on pollinators is in the region of $235 billion to $577 billion every year. This was a free gift of nature. Relying on the artificial process is close to impossible. The only way out is to support the process which leads to natural pollination.

Deforestation & Pesticides

We have already let loose processes that may in the not too distant future lead to the extinction of the planet’s leading pollinator and with it the extinction of countless other species including man. The need to sustain our ever-increasing population has led to the use of methods to increase production at any cost, especially the clearing of forests for farmland and the incremental use of pesticides. 40% of the invertebrate pollinator species, especially bees are facing extinction. This has led to a steep decline in the population of both wild and domestic bee population. Vast populations have been decimated in some parts of the globe.

Pests, Diseases, & Mobiles

The transmission of pests and pathogens from other areas due to globalization has affected the population of bees in some areas. The waves produced by mobile telephones are being blamed. The Federal Institute of Technology of Switzerland says that bees are disoriented by waves emitted during calls. Daniel Favre, Biologist, and other researchers produced evidence that showed that bees were disturbed and warned other bees when exposed to the waves, as reported in The Australian.

A total prohibition on the use of toxic pesticides, especially neurotoxins and using natural alternatives is the immediate necessity.  Pollinator-friendly practices in agriculture are a must. Farmers need to be aware of the pollination needs of specific crops and act accordingly. Wildlife habitats must be preserved. Farmers can diversify farms to make food resources always available for the bees. The need for restoring ecological friendly practices must be encouraged. This will preserve the habitats of the pollinators.

By Mayukh Saha | TruthTheory.com | Republished with permission

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Environment

Pipeline Protesters Could Face Up To 20 Years In Prison Under New Trump Proposal

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Photo Credit: Common Dreams

Jake Johnson, Common Dreams

Building on efforts by multiple states to crack down on those fighting the construction of climate-destroying fossil fuel infrastructure, the Trump administration unveiled a proposal on Monday that would criminalize pipeline protests at the federal level and hit demonstrators with up to 20 years in prison.

“Rather than focusing on shielding corporate polluters from public protest, the administration should be working to ensure that communities are protected from dirty, dangerous fossil fuel projects.” —Kelly Martin, Sierra Club

The new proposal, released by Transportation Department’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, was immediately denounced by environmentalists as a serious threat to the First Amendment.

This dangerous proposal threatens to undermine Americans’ right to peaceful assembly and free speech,” Kelly Martin, director of the Sierra Club’s Beyond Dirty Fossil Fuels campaign, said in a statement. “It is a blatant attempt to intimidate those who would exercise their First Amendment rights to speak out against pipeline projects that put our clean water, communities, and climate at risk.”

Rather than focusing on shielding corporate polluters from public protest,” Martin said, “the administration should be working to ensure that communities are protected from dirty, dangerous fossil fuel projects.”

As Politico reported Monday, the Transportation Department’s proposal would “treat some pipeline protests as a federal crime, mirroring state legislative efforts that have spread in the wake of high-profile demonstrations around the country.”

The Trump administration, according to Politico, is “calling for Congress to expand a law that threatens fines and up to 20 years’ prison time for ‘damaging or destroying’ pipelines currently in operation. The expanded version would add ‘vandalism, tampering with, or impeding, disrupting, or inhibiting the operation of’ either existing pipelines or those ‘under construction.’

Elly Page, attorney for International Center for Not-For-Profit Law—an organization that has tracked anti-protest efforts by individual states—told Politico that the Trump administration’s “proposed penalty is far and away more extreme than what we’ve seen at the state level.”

When you combine provisions that vague to penalties that extreme,” Page said, “that creates uncertainty about what is and isn’t legal.”

House Democrats signalled that they would oppose the measure, which comes just two weeks after the Texas state Senate passed a bill that would hit pipeline protesters with up to 10 years in prison.

A spokesperson for House Energy and Commerce chairman Frank Pallone (D-N.J.) told Politico that the congressman “has no intention of allowing a pipeline safety bill to be used as a vehicle for stifling legitimate dissent and protest.”

On Twitter, the Natural Resources Defence Council (NRDC) warned that as “we grapple with the mounting climate catastrophe, the fossil fuel industry is holding nothing back in its attempt to silence its critics and those who assemble to protest their destruction of our shared climate.”

“We’re not giving in to the dirty fossil fuel industry’s bullying ways,” said NRDC.

This article (Pipeline Protesters Could Face up to 20 Years in Prison Under New Trump Proposal) was originally published at Common Dreams and is re-posted here under creative commons.

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Environment

Farming Subsidies Are Destroying The World, And The Public Is Paying For Them

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Photo Credit: www.wallpaperaccess.com

Global farm subsidies (money granted by the government to assist the industry so that the price of food can remain low) are driving climate crises and destruction of wildlife, according to a new report. What’s most disturbing is the money comes from taxpayers, meaning that the public is providing these funds – a whole lot too, more than $1 per minute!

In total, $700bn a year is given to farmers worldwide. The report analysis found that only 1% of this is used to benefit the environment. The other 99% are used to promote high-emission cattle production, forest destruction and pollution from the overuse of fertilizer.

Soy farms in China. (Photo Credit: Xinhua)
Soy farms in China. (Photo Credit: Xinhua)

There is a desperate need for reform to these subsidies – the security of humanity itself is at stake here! The report says a big reduction in meat-eating in rich nations and other damaging uses of land is required as well. However, this will naturally happen by redirecting the subsidies to storing carbon in soil, producing healthier food, cutting waste and growing trees instead.

The idea that subsidies are needed to supply cheap food is a misconception. The report found that the cost of the damage currently caused by agriculture is actually greater than the value of the food produced. Overall, the damaging way the world currently produces food and uses land causes $12tn a year in hidden costs to the environment, human health and development. Furthermore, producing healthy, sustainable food would actually cut food prices, as the condition of the land improves.

Jeremy Oppenheim, principal at the Food and Land Use Coalition (FOLU), the collaboration of food, farming and green research groups that produced the new report, said:

“There is incredibly small direct targeting of [subsidies at] positive environment outcomes, which is insane. We have got to switch these subsidies into explicitly positive measures.”

Oppenheim explains how some subsidies are difficult to quantify precisely so the true global total was likely to be $1tn a year. “That trillion dollars of public funding is available and is a massive, massive lever to incentivize the farming community across the world to act differently,” he says.

Dairy Cows in New York. (Photo Credit: Shannon Stapleton/Reuters)
Dairy Cows in New York. (Photo Credit: Shannon Stapleton/Reuters)

This isn’t the only report that reveals how the world’s food system is broken. There have been a series of recent works shining a light on the problem. Here are three:

  • 130 national academies of science and medicine concluded in November 2018 that the system is driving the planet towards climate catastrophe while leaving billions of people either underfed or overweight.
  • Another 2018 study created a huge dataset based on almost 40,000 farms in 119 countries and covering 40 food products that represent 90% of all that is eaten. The research found that livestock uses 83% of farmland to produce just 18% of calories, therefore avoiding meat and dairy was the single biggest way to reduce your environmental impact on the planet.
  • Yet another impactful piece of research is the “planetary health diet” which was published by scientists in January 2019. Adopting this diet requires an 80% cut in the red meat eaten by Europeans and North Americans so the world could see 60% of today’s pasture could be used for wildlife or other environmental purposes in the coming decades. That 60% is an area roughly the size of Brazil!

Meanwhile, Oppenheim’s FOLU report states that they “couldn’t find any examples of governments using their fiscal instruments to directly support the expansion of supply of healthier and more nutritious food.”

If things don’t change, the consequences will likely be catastrophic. The report states:

“Continuing on current trends means sleepwalking into a scenario wherein climate change increasingly threatens human life, biodiversity and natural resources are depleted, people increasingly suffer life-threatening, diet-induced diseases, food security would be compromised, and [poverty reduction] is seriously impaired. Such a pathway would within a few decades threaten our collective security.”

Transforming the food and land use systems in the next decade is not a daunting task, but a remarkable opportunity! It could reap a societal return more than 15 times the investment costs required. Not only that, but it would also make the food supply more secure.

Oppenheim said:

“Stick with the model we have got and you can be reasonably confident that in the next 20 years we are going to have a number of climate-related food price spikes, because we have a highly concentrated system, with a small number of [regions] that are absolutely critical to the supply of grains.”

Caterina Ruggeri Laderchi, research director at FOLU and formerly at the World Bank, added:

“We need a big system reset and I think it is the role of government is to lead on these issues. It is extremely important for the planet, but it can be good for business too…a shift to sustainable production of healthy food could unlock $4.5tn in new commercial opportunities each year by 2030.”

Beautiful, dense vegetation from the cloud forests from Costa Rica. Credit: Shutterstock
Beautiful, dense vegetation from the cloud forests from Costa Rica. Credit: Shutterstock

There are some examples of the benefits from reforming subsidies. For instance, farmers in the European Union have reduced greenhouse gas emissions from fertilizer by 17% while yields rose. Meanwhile, Costa Rica has seen a remarkable return of rainforest following the elimination of cattle subsidies as well as payments for improving nature. “But there is a long way to go,” the report concludes. “Perverse subsidies need to be rapidly redirected or phased out.”

This article (Farming Subsidies Are Destroying The World, And The Public Is Paying For Them) was originally created for Intelligent Living and is published here under Creative Commons.

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Environment

Nine Latin American Countries Set 70% Renewable Energy Target By 2030

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Nine Latin American Countries Set 70% Renewable Energy Target By 2030
Photo Credit: www.intelligentliving.co

Latin America is in the spotlight for its promising rise in climate leadership! Nine countries have set a collective target of 70% renewable energy use by 2030, which is more than double the EU’s target of 32%.

Colombian energy minister Maria Fernanda Suarez presented the target at the United Nations Climate Action Summit (that just took place in the beginning of October), where world leaders were asked to deliver concrete proposals to combat climate change. Colombian President Iván Duque was also present.

It’s the most ambitious goal in terms of a global region. Right now, nine countries in the region have agreed to this plan and we will continue to get more countries to be part of this goal ahead of the upcoming summit,” Suarez said. “The introduction of viable renewables, meaning wind, solar, biomass or other clean energy, is the first priority.”

Colombia has been working towards diversify its energy sector by really pushing the implementation of wind and solar technology. At the moment, over a third of the nation’s energy already comes from renewable sources like hydroelectric power. There was also news about a massive solar project recently being approved by a government agency – it’s so big it could help save Colombia two hundred million tons of carbon emissions once up and running!

The other countries involved in the pact include, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic. Panama and Brazil are undecided, and the rest of the countries are not involved. It has been a growing trend on the continent to push for renewable alternatives and this pact is a part of that. Although, some countries like Panama and Brazil are still considering whether to commit to the ambitious plan.

Atacama Desert wind farm. Credit: Jose Luis Stephens/iStock

The upcoming annual UN Climate Change Conference will be hosted by Chile in December – this momentum is in preparation for that. Chile has definitely been at the forefront of combating climate change. President Sebastián Piñera has placed climate change at the top of his agenda since the start of his second term in December 2017 and significant legislative actions have taken place. Dozens of coal factories are expected to close soon to help the country reach its overall aim of carbon neutrality by 2050.

These bold leaders in Colombia and Chile are spurring initiatives, at a time where firm global leadership has largely been stalled, and inspiring the rest of Latin America to aim high. All these nations united – enthusiastically combating climate change – are creating a model for the rest of the world to follow!

If you enjoyed reading this article and want to see more like this one, we’d be humbled if you would help us spread the word and share it with your friends and family. Join us in our quest to promote free, useful information to all!

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