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Scientists Have Unlocked The Power Of Gold Atoms But Is This Technology New Or Ancient?



Photo Credit: Ancient Code

For those who follow the stories of the ancient Sumerian tablets first discovered in the 1800s, you know that gold is central to the story. The Anunnaki, extraterrestrials from another planet, mined for precious gold in southern Africa when they arrived on Earth. The element has unique qualities that make it invaluable for many reasons; from jewellery to electrical components, to insulation used in space travel. Today, scientists have made a big leap in unlocking the potential of 2D gold, thousands of years later.

Now, researchers from the University of Leeds in the U.K. have created the world’s “thinnest gold only two atoms in thickness. It’s so thin; they consider it 2-dimensional. They say it’s a “landmark achievement” in nano-materials with potential in the medical and electronics industries.

“The previous reported thinnest unsupported 2D gold nano-sheets have a minimum thickness of 3.6 nano-meters,” Sunjie Ye, lead author of the study, told Newsweek. “Our work represents the first fabrication of freestanding 2D gold with a sub-nano-meter thickness, that is, we have brought 2D gold to sub-nano-meter scale, which is a new focus of nanotechnology.”

Newsweek noted that researcher Stephen Evan from Leeds supervised the study. Leeds remarked that the gold sheets are a vast improvement over even gold nanoparticles.

“Gold is a highly effective catalyst. Because the nano-sheets are so thin, just about every gold atom plays a part in the catalysis. It means the process is highly efficient,” Stephen Evans, a researcher from Leeds who supervised the study, said in a statement.

“Standard benchmark tests revealed that gold nano-scale sheets were ten times more efficient than the gold nanoparticles conventionally used in industry. Our data suggests that industry could get the same effect from using a smaller amount of gold, and this has economic advantages when you are talking about a precious metal,” said Evans.

According to the article, the flexible 2D gold might be used to “develop artificial enzymes” for such technologies as water filtration and improved medical diagnostic tests.

The advanced use of gold in this manner is new to science in 2020. On the other hand, if you subscribe to the story of the Anunnaki from the cuneiform tablets of Mesopotamia, it could be a throwback to technology thousands of years old. According to Ancient Astronaut theory, the Anunnaki genetically engineered the first man or “Adamu as slaves for their gold-mining operations some 450,000 years ago. The gold was needed for the technology to save the home planet, which was falling into environmental ruin.

If we put aside scepticism for a moment and consider this to be true, could humans learn how to use gold for advanced technology to save our own environment in the future?

Much of the wisdom of these ancient beings was passed along to modern humans, but why not the technology associated with gold? For example, some of the system of mathematics and measurements we still use originated in ancient Mesopotamia. Consider that the hours and minutes that define our daily lives, based on the number 60, came from the ancients.

Zecharia Sitchin (1920 – 2010), the famous (or infamous, depending on your view?) author who expounded on the story of Anunnaki for years, was quoted in the New York Times in 2010 as the paper explored his ideas. Many people consider it bunk, but to Sitchin and a growing audience, the tablets aren’t just myth but record actual events.

Zecharia Sitchin via holds a tablet he says shows the Anunnaki passing along technology for agriculture to humans.
Zecharia Sitchin via holds a tablet he says shows the Anunnaki passing along technology for agriculture to humans.

“This is how Mr. Sitchin explains what scientists attribute to evolution. He says the aliens’ cities were washed away in a great flood 30,000 years ago, after which they began passing on their knowledge to humans. He showed a photograph of a woodcarving from 7,000 B.C. of a large man handing over a plow to a smaller man: Ah, the passing on of agricultural knowledge. Anyway, he said, the Nibiru-ites finally jetted home in their spacecraft, around 550 B.C.”

“This is in the texts; I’m not making it up,” Mr. Sitchin said, finishing his coffee. “They wanted to create primitive workers from the homo erectus and give him the genes to allow him to think and use tools.”

Today, humans are indeed thinking and using tools, but we still clearly have far to go before we could really be considered an advanced civilization. At least the use of 2D gold seems to be another small step in the right direction.

For a discussion of the Anunnaki and their quest for gold on Earth, as told in the Sumerian tablets, watch this video from Universe Inside You below:

This article (Scientists Have Unlocked The Power Of Gold Atoms But Is This Technology New Or Ancient?) was originally published at Ancient Code and is re-posted here under Creative Commons.

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Surprise Discovery Reveals Neanderthals Loved Seafood And Were Excellent Fisherpeople



Photo Credit: Science

Some Neanderthals really enjoyed their surf and turf rather than mammoth steaks, according to a new study.

The recent excavation of a cave site along Portugal’s coast revealed a wealth of fossilized remains of food, including fish, birds and mammals. It’s estimated that Neanderthals lived in the cave, known as Figueira Brava, between 86,000 and 106,000 years ago.

Neanderthals are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans who lived in Eurasia until about 40,000 years ago (40 kya [thousand years ago]).
Neanderthals are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans who lived in Eurasia until about 40,000 years ago (40 kya [thousand years ago]).

The discovery sheds light on Neanderthal populations who relied on the sea as a source of food, in addition to hunting and gathering on land — a much different picture than those who were hunting mammoths in bitterly cold climates.

These Neanderthals enjoyed a diverse diet.

From the sea, they could feast on limpet, mussels, clams, brown crabs, spider crabs, sharks, eels, sea breams, mullets, dolphins and seals. Marine birds also included mallards, common scoters (a large sea duck), geese, cormorants, gannets, shags, auks, egrets and loons.

Recovered fragments of Cancer pagurus (brown crab). (Mariana Nabais/João Zilhão)
Recovered fragments of Cancer pagurus (brown crab). (Mariana Nabais/João Zilhão)

On land, they hunted red deer, goats, horses, tortoises and aurochs, an extinct wild ox. They supplemented with plants like remnants of olive and fig trees as well as pine nuts taken from pine trees.

Neanderthals living in Italy and across the Iberian Peninsula likely would have followed a similar lifestyle with a Mediterranean climate.

The study published Thursday in the journal Science.

In fact, the amount and diversity of marine fossils found in the cave exceeds other more recent sites. This suggests that Neanderthals were comfortable and practiced at catching seafood. Previously, this level of adaptability was only associated with modern humans living in southern Africa at the same time.

“Figueira Brava provides the first record of significant marine resource consumption among Europe’s Neanderthals,” the researchers wrote in the study.

For researchers, it’s another way of narrowing the gap between modern humans and Neanderthals.

Some researchers believe that the introduction of seafood into the diet of early modern humans helped their cognitive development because of Omega-3 fatty acids and other brain-boosting nutrients. That contributed to cultural and technological developments that led them to migrate out of Africa and spread across the globe.

“If this common consumption of marine resources played an important role in the development of cognitive skills, it did so on the entire humanity, including Neanderthals, and not only the African population that spread later,” said João Zilhão, study author and Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies researcher at the University of Barcelona.

In recent years, researchers have uncovered proof that “Neanderthals had a symbolic material culture,” Zilhão said.

Zilhão published a study two years ago about 65,000-year-old cave paintings found in three caves on the Iberian Peninsula that are credited to Neanderthals. This aligns with another discovery of pendants and shells colored with pigments, also thought to be the work of Neanderthals.

“[These findings] support a view on human evolution in which the known fossil variants, such as Neanderthals’ in Europe and its African anatomy contemporaries — more similar to ours — should be understood as remains from our ancestors, not as different higher-lower species,” Zilhão said.

But why has it taken so long to establish that Neanderthals adapted to coastal living? The researchers suggest that it’s because many of the caves they would have used are likely beneath the sea now, due to a rise in sea level over time.

Earlier this year, a separate analysis of clam shells and volcanic rocks from an Italian cave shows that Neanderthals collected shells and pumice from beaches. And due to specific indicators on some of the shells, the researchers also believe Neanderthals waded and dove into the ocean to retrieve shells, meaning they may have been able to swim.

There was evidence that the shells were shaped by stones to make them thin, sharp and resilient. The shells were dated to between 90,000 to 100,000 years ago. This is before the arrival of modern humans in the Western Europe region.

This aligns with evidence from another study suggesting that some Neanderthals suffered from surfer’s ear,based on bony growths found on the ears belonging to a few Neanderthal skeletons.

This article (Surprise Discovery Reveals Neanderthals Loved Seafood And Were Excellent Fisherpeople) was originally created for Dipatch-Argus and is published here under Creative Commons.

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Watch: Clap In Front Of The Mayan Kukulkan Pyramid & It Mimics The Sound Of The Quetzal Bird



Mayan Kukulkan Pyramid
Photo Credit: Pexels

What’s written in our history books about the Pyramids is best taken with a grain of salt. When you do your own research and look at the work of many scholars who are vested in this subject, one thing becomes abundantly clear: We practically know nothing about the Pyramids, including why they are here and who built them.

It’s fascinating that these structures were built by multiple societies, all over the world, across different time periods, and they had absolutely no contact with each other whatsoever. That alone should raise an eyebrow. Why did they all build pyramids? What were their purpose? We simply don’t know, and we only have bits and pieces of this mystery solved.

Anybody that tells you that they know how the pyramids were built is not telling the truth, because we don’t know. The great pyramid contains a number of mysteries. It weighs 6 million tonnes, it’s footprint is 13 acres, it spans more than 750 feet along each side, it’s 481 feet tall, and it took more than 2 and a half million individual blocks of stone to construct. And it’s not just large in size, it’s really precise. The great pyramid is locked into the cardinal directions of our planet, and is targeted within three sixtieth of a single degree. No modern builder would create a large building and align it to true north within a fraction of a single degree … yet these ancient civilizations did.” – Graham Hancock

There are uncountable strange mathematical anomalies when it comes to the great pyramid in Egypt. There are too many to name here, but if you’re interested in that, I suggest you check out the work of Graham Hancock. I’ve also included some information and a few links to articles that go deeper into this subject toward the end of this article. But for now, I want to focus on the Castillo pyramid at Chichen Itza (Mayan ruin).

Scientists have shown how sound waves ricochetting around the tired steps of the El Castillo pyramid create sounds that mimic the sound of the Mexican quetzal bird, a sacred animal in Mayan culture. This was actually first recognized by California-based acoustic engineer David Lubman in 1998. The ‘chirp’ can be triggered by clapping your hands at the base of the staircase and only at the base of the staircase. (source)

Below is a video demonstration of this on youtube.

How remarkable is that: The ancients could build this pyramid to make the exact sound of the sacred animal they worshipped. It’s mind-altering to think about. It’s a temple dedicated to Kukulkan, also known as the “feathered serpent.” Quetzalcoatl was also a “feathered serpent” and many scholars believe that Kukulkan and Quetzalcoatl were one in the same person.

Considered to be a mythical tale, Spanish chronicler Juan de Torquemada states that Quetzalcoatl was ‘a fair and ruddy complexioned man with a long beard.’ Another describes him as follows:

“A mysterious person… a white man with strong formation of body, broad forehead, large eyes, and a flowing beard. He was dressed in a long, white robe reaching to his feet. He condemned sacrifices, except of fruits and flowers, and was known as the god of peace…When addressed on the subject of war he is reported to have stopped up his ears with his fingers.”  (source)

Graham Hancock, one of the world’s foremost researchers into such things, gives another description from Central American Mayan tradition in his book, Fingerprints of the Gods:

“He came from across the sea in a boat that moved by itself without paddles. He was a tall, bearded white man who taught people to use fire for cooking. He also built houses and showed couples that they could live together as husband and wife; and since people often quarrelled in those days, he taught them to live in peace.”

This figure is spoken of the Mesoamerican culture.

Strange Pyramid Findings

If you take the height of the great pyramid and multiply it by 43,200, you get the polar radius of the Earth. If you measure the base perimeter of it, and multiply it by the same number, you get the equatorial circumference of the Earth.

“The number 43,200 is derived from a key motion of the Earth, which is called the precession of the Earth’s axis.” (Graham Hancock)

The 43,200 number represents the number of days in 20 epochs of precession.

“In other words, during all the centuries of darkness experienced by Western civilization when knowledge of our planet’s dimensions was lost to us, all we ever really needed to rediscover that knowledge was to measure the height and base perimeter of the Great Pyramid and multiply by 43,200. How likely is this to be an accident?” – Graham Hancock (Fingerprints of the Gods)

How on Earth did they do this? Where did this knowledge come from? There is also a lot of evidence suggesting that all of the pyramids on our planet are much older than we think.

And then we have other strange findings, like when Archaeologist Sergio Gomez discovered “large quantities” of liquid mercury in a chamber underneath the third largest pyramid of Teotihuacan (feathered servant), an ancient city located in Mexico. Rosemary Joyce, a professor of anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley, said that archaeologists have found mercury at three other sites around Central America. So this isn’t something new, but why? (source)

One explanation, outlined in research published in Science in 1975 by archaeo-astronomer John Carlson, demonstrated that a hematite object excavated at the Olmec site of San Lorenzo in the Gulf Coast of Mexico could act as a compass oriented to magnetic north if it was floated on liquid mercury. Carlson suggested that the Olmec might have used liquid mercury for this purpose. Other scholars have stated with absolute certainty that liquid mercury was used as early as 1000 BC.

In 2005, a giant pyramid complex consisting of 11 structures was discovered in Bosnia. One of the structures is larger than the great pyramid. The majority of scholars brought in to study it have little to no doubt that these are real. This complex is also associated with strange electromagnetic phenomenon, suggesting that they could have been some type of perpetual motion or energy machines. You can learn more HERE.

The Takeaway

The truth is, as Graham Hancock once said; we are like a species with amnesia. We have bits and pieces of a humungous puzzle that we are only beginning to understand now. Human history and evolution are in large part unknown, and there are so many things that challenge our current theories. From extraterrestrials to the pyramids to stories about civilizations like Atlantis, there is still so much to uncover. It’s quite clear that we have to unlearn what we’ve been taught and re-gain our thirst for knowledge to uncover any sort of truth on this matter. You will never see things like this within the mainstream, despite the fact that many prominent academic leaders are heavily vested in these subjects.

This article (Watch: Clap In Front of the Mayan Kukulkan Pyramid & It Mimics The Sound of the Quetzal Bird) was originally created for Collective Evolution and is published here under Creative Commons.

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2,000-Year-Old Scrolls From Vesuvius Eruption To Be ‘Virtually Unraveled’ With A.I.

The fragile scrolls from the ancient city of Herculaneum have been destroyed by physical unwrapping, and so scientists plan to use A.I. and machine learning to virtually read their text.

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99% Of Those Who’ve Died From COVID 19 Had Other Illness, Italy Says
Photo Credit: Getty

The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. decimated the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Everything, including an invaluable library of scrolls, was lost to the inferno. According to The Guardian, however, artificial intelligence and high-energy x-rays could make these documents legible once more.

“Although you can see on every flake of papyrus that there is writing, to open it up would require that papyrus to be really limber and flexible — and it is not anymore,” said lead researcher Prof. Brent Seales, who chairs the computer science department at the University of Kentucky.

The two unravelled scrolls Seales and his team will use in their project belong to the Institut de France in Paris. In 1752, a staggering collection of 1,800 carbonized scrolls were unearthed at Herculaneum, a coastal town to the west of Vesuvius and less than 10 miles from Pompeii.

In terms of historical significance, this collection comprises the only intact library from antiquity. Most of it housed in the National Archaeological Museum in Naples. Some archaeologists believe the structure in which the scrolls were found — aptly named the Villa of the Papyri — belonged to Julius Caesar’s father-in-law.

To date, reading the scrolls has proved extremely difficult. When scientists have tried to unroll them, they’ve mostly come apart, and whatever ink is left fades after exposure to the air.

And so Seales and his team have devised a method using cutting-edge technology that doesn’t risk destroying the precious scrolls.

One of the many fragments of scrolls carbonized during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D.
One of the many fragments of scrolls carbonized during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D.

Seales and his team have already proven their mettle when they used high-energy x-rays to “virtually unravel” a 1,700-year-old Hebrew parchment that was found in the holy ark of an Israeli synagogue in En-Gedi. It was found to contain text from the book of Leviticus.

Unlike the En-Gedi scroll, however, many of the Herculaneum texts weren’t written with metal-based ink. As such, there’s no visible contrast between the charcoal or soot-based writing and the papyrus itself in x-ray scans.

That’s where the U.K.’s advanced synchrotron, which is capable of projecting light brighter than the sun, comes into play.

The facility uses electrons to produce a remarkably bright light, which can be used to study everything from fossils and airplane engines to vaccines and viruses.

Seales thinks the facility, called the Diamond Light Source, will provide key information about the Herculaneum scrolls. From there, he and his team will use a type of artificial intelligence called machine learning to detect hard-to-spot fractions of the ancient writings.

The team has been teaching its machine learning algorithms how to detect hidden ink. Once that process has been refined, Seales plans on scanning hundreds more.
The team has been teaching its machine learning algorithms how to detect hidden ink. Once that process has been refined, Seales plans on scanning hundreds more.

With the ultra-bright light, “we will immediately see the internal structure of the scrolls in more definition than has ever been possible,” explained Seales.

“The machine learning tool we are developing will amplify that ink signal by training a computer algorithm to recognize it — pixel-by-pixel — from photographs of opened fragments that show exactly where the ink is — voxel-by-voxel — in the corresponding tomographic data of the fragments.”

They’ll then apply that same logic to the still-rolled scrolls, enabling the machine to spot ink that is otherwise invisible to the naked eye.

Seales’s team has finished collecting x-ray data and are now focused on perfecting the system’s algorithms — with application expected in the next few months.

“The first thing we are hoping to do is perfect the technology so that we can simply repeat it on all 900 scrolls that remain [unwrapped],” said Seales. “For the most part the writings [in opened scrolls] are Greek philosophy around Epicureanism, which was a prevailing philosophy of the day.”

There’s a strong possibility that some of these 900 unfurled scrolls contain Latin text. Classical libraries are thought to have had both a Greek and a Latin section, but only a fraction of analysed Herculaneum scrolls were written in Latin.

University of Oxford papyrologist and classicist Dr. Dirk Obbink, who’s worked with the scroll team, can’t wait to find out what ancient literary wonders will soon be discovered.

“A new historical work by Seneca the Elder was discovered among the unidentified Herculaneum papyri only last year, thus showing what uncontemplated rarities remain to be discovered there,” he said.

Obbink hopes some of the soon-to-be unveiled texts will contain works thought to be lost forever. The ancient collection could include poems by Sappho, for instance, or the treatise Mark Atony wrote about his drunkenness. Obbink, at least, is pulling for that particular outcome.

“I would very much like to read that one.”

This article (2,000-Year-Old Scrolls From Vesuvius Eruption To Be ‘Virtually Unraveled’ With A.I.) was originally created for All That Interesting and is published here under Creative Commons.

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New Species Of Extinct ‘South American Yeti’ Discovered In Ecuador



Palaeontologists Offer New Clues to One-Ton ‘South-American Yeti’ That Went Extinct 10,000 Years Ago
Photo Credit: Truth Theory

Paul Seaburn, Mysterious Universe

Among the many theories about what a large, upright, fur-covered creature seen in various sizes and setting around the world might be, one that doesn’t get much attention is the idea that Bigfoot/Yeti/Sasquatch might be a giant sloth. Extinct for far less time than Gigantopithecus, the giant ape also considered to be a possibility, belief in the non-extinction of one or more “Oreomylodon wegneri” in deep hiding doesn’t get as much airplay. Perhaps it will now, as paleontologists working in Ecuador have uncovered remains of what they’ve determined to be a new species of the ‘South American Yeti’ or Bigfoot that adapted to mountain living. Could it have adapted well enough to live until today?

“This new species has previously unknown characteristics, especially in its wide snout, adapted so that this animal can withstand the low temperatures and the mountain climate.”

In a press release by AgenciaCTys, the Institute of media for the National University of La Matanza in Argentina, Dr. Luciano Brambilla, a researcher at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies at the University of Rosario (Argentina) and CONICET (National Council for Scientific and Technical Research), announced the recent discovery of numerous skulls across central and northern Ecuador, along with bones that enabled researchers to assemble a complete body of this new form of giant sloth that conceivably crossed paths with humans before going extinct 10,000 years ago. Or did they? (Video here.) (Photos here.)

Depiction of giant ground sloth (Credit: National Park Service)
Depiction of giant ground sloth (Credit: National Park Service)

There have been reports over the years of a creature living in Guyana called the Didi – enough that an expedition by the U.K.’s Center for Fortean Zoology mounted an expedition in 2007. They heard many accounts of fur-covered humanoids, but the descriptions and reports of usage of tools led them away from the sloth towards an ape-like creature. No concrete evidence was found. Research into giant sloths in Patagonia found strong evidence that the creatures lived at the same time as humans and may have been hunted into extinction by them – with help from climate change. Specifically, a warmer climate allowed humans to hunt for longer periods and kill more giant sloths who were being driven from their hiding places by changes in foliage caused by climate change. Did the creatures in Guyana manage to survive humans AND climate change?

Depiction of white great sloth
Depiction of white great sloth

“The finding of three examples in the same place makes us think that these animals lived in herds, a completely new fact for all terrestrial sloths.”

Dr. Román Carrión, lead author of the study published in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, reveals the new data which could explain alleged recent sightings. Living in groups, something new in giant sloths, could have helped them resist humans by group cooperation (then again, look what that did for the American bison), while the skulls show a unique wider snout that evolved to help them breath in more air and moisten its dryness. Was that enough to allow them to survive in areas humans could not? Could it have allowed them to escape saber-tooth tigers and other predators?

The new research is proof of the existence 10,000 years ago of the Oreomylodon wegneri. Does it prove that this is the South American Yeti? That would thrill cryptozoologists, not to mention those wondering anything will help humans and animals survive climate change.

About the Author

Paul Seaburn is the editor at Mysterious Universe and its most prolific writer. He’s written for TV shows such as “The Tonight Show“, “Politically Incorrect” and an award-winning children’s program. He’s been published in “The New York Times” and “Huffington Post” and has co-authored numerous collections of trivia, puzzles and humour. His “What in the World!” podcast is a fun look at the latest weird and paranormal news, strange sports stories and odd trivia. Paul likes to add a bit of humour to each MU post he crafts. After all, the mysterious doesn’t always have to be serious.

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